Summary of Recommendations

We recommend that health care providers know the HIV status of all patients under their care.13

Specifically, we recommend that providers offer an HIV test

  • Routinely, every five years, to all patients aged 18-70 years
  • Routinely, every year, to all patients aged 18-70 years who belong to populations with a higher burden of HIV infection
  • Once for patients older than 70 years of age, if HIV status is not known

AND offer an HIV test to patients including adults 18-70, youth and the elderly, whenever

  • Ordering diagnostic blood-work for a new or worsening medical condition
  • They present with symptoms of HIV infection or advanced HIV disease
  • They or their providers identify a risk for HIV acquisition
  • They request an HIV test
  • They are pregnant
  • You test for or diagnose a sexually transmitted infection (STI), hepatitis C, hepatitis B or tuberculosis